DV Digital

Photos, videos, and general ramblings from myself. Content is king.

How I Handle Noise in a Photo.

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OK, like I said I’ll try and pass on some know-how from time to time on here. I can document what I do, but it’s up to any of you guys who use it to know when and where to use it.

But I’m not going to turn this into a lecture series or motivational speaker session. The world has enough of those.

Anyways, the biggest question I get is, “How the hell do you shoot at a high ISO and manage the noise?”

Well, fact is, I don’t manage it really…

Hmm, well, maybe I do sometimes.

Fact is, we’ve come a long way in terms of noise in digital imaging systems, and prior to that, the grain present in analog processes involving film. And even when there was noise and grain present, it was largely left alone or used as part of the composition as a whole. The important part was capturing the moment, and the noise was disregarded in favor of the subject as a whole. Which is what I tend to do. ISO 6400 isn’t really that bad. It’s actually less noisy/grainy than the ISO 400 film stock I “grew up” on.

But, when I do want to deal with or minimize the noise, I don’t employ conventional noise reduction techniques as it were. Plugins are generally all over the place and time-consuming, and the built-in NR functions of popular imaging applications tends to make the end images too soft.

So, what I keep in mind is my end result and intent. Despite the fact I shoot with a camera which has a 22-megapixel sensor, most of my images are downsized to 960 x 640. At that resolution, noise is generally hard to pick out. The image at the lead of this article is actually quite noisy in some respects. However, you can’t see much of it since it has been reduced in size by many multiples to be displayed on your monitor. And, unless you have a Retina display (and yes, you’ll probably have to forget a lot of what I just told you in that regard), there is really not a huge amount of detail present in the above image.

Now, if that image were to go to print, I would usually insist on matte paper. Matte paper masks the noise wonderfully. The texture overrides a lot of the noisier characteristics of the image.

If I’m forced into a glossy presentation, I then usually move on to “plan B”. Plan B doesn’t involve a lot of work, and doesn’t involve any noise reduction plugins or techniques. Note, this whole idea assumes you shot RAW. You are shooting RAW, right? Another assumption I’m making here is that I’ve probably already told you to use Lightroom. If not, the concepts carry over. Drop me a line if you need help in another package, maybe I can figure it out for you.

Basically, I ask myself, “Where does this noise exist in the color spectrum?”

In most cases, I find the noise exists in the red and magenta channels of the color spectrum. Which does make sense, since noise tends to be a function of heat and energy in a digital sensor system, and that energy conveys itself as a lower frequency “color” of sorts. Now, some people would suggest desaturating in the affected channels. Doesn’t really work that way. If you do this, you are left with a muddled grey mess, which looks worse than the existing noise did.

So, what I do is I “cool” the image off a bit. I bring down the color temperature slider, sometimes as low as 4000K. Typically I’m only employing this technique in high-ISO nightclub images, which tend to not utilize flash and the skin tone of any human subjects in the frame is of little concern, i.e. they are already an odd color, so shifting it one way or the other won’t destroy the idea of the image. Plus, in RAW you can adjust your other color bands to make up for any shift. Anyways, what I do is I bring our color temp down, until I see the “red” noise minimize itself somewhat.

And, if that is not sufficient for our needs, I’ll turn down the luminance of the affected colors if possible. If this piece is really critical for something, I will actually do the above steps in Photoshop, rather than Lightroom, to allow for more fine control over segments of the image.

Basically, with these steps, I’m minimizing the noise by altering it’s appearance and luminosity in the image, which does not destroy the overall sharpness and focus characteristics of the image. Plus, the saturation of desired colors and areas is left alone.

And that’s actually kind of it, ya know? I’m not too big into noise reduction. Much like it says on the back of any piece of electronics you own, I just “accept interference from other sources” in my image, and keep moving on to get the photos I want.

Sidebar: Did you know your digital SLR is susceptible to the radio frequency noise present everywhere? And present in huge quantities in a nightclub? Think about it. There’s giant speakers with giant magnets mere feet from your camera body. There’s massive amounts of electrical energy flowing through poorly-shielded cables. There’s hundreds of people, each one with a cell phone on them. There’s security guys with radios. There’s Wi-Fi network signals, the list goes on. There’s a lot of noise pinging about in the club that makes it’s way into your camera’s guts. It’s a miracle it even works sometimes. So yeah, my real advice is to disregard this entire article and just keep shooting. But if you insist on dealing with the noise, I hope this helped. Also, every successive generation of digital SLR technology deals with the noise more effectively. Pretty soon, ISO 6400 will look like ISO 400 does today.

Sidebar 2: I am not qualified in physics or electronic systems as of yet. I might be way off base on some of what is behind all this. I used some of the free knowledge available online to figure out the basics. However, my techniques produce the desired result. So there’s that.

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